The FIA Formula One Sporting Regulations is very extensive but here is a small recap of the basic rules and most important changes for the 2013 season:
Points for both titles (drivers and constructors) will be awarded at each Event according to the following scale:
|1st||25 Points||6th||8 Points|
|2nd||18 Points||7th||6 Points|
|3rd||15 Points||8th||4 Points|
|4th||12 Points||9th||2 Points|
|5th||10 Points||10th||1 Points|
If the leader has completed less than two laps then no points will be awarded, half points will be awarded if the leader has completed more than two laps but less than 75% of the original race distance and full points will be awarded if the leader has completed 75% or more of the original race distance.
During each season teams will be permitted to use four drivers with any new driver being able to score points. In addition to this, each team is permitted to run additional drivers on any Friday practice session (no more than two drivers are allowed in one session) as long as they possess a Super Licence.
No competitor may carry out more than 15,000 km of track testing during a calendar year. No track testing may take place whilst a Championship Event is taking place, during the month of August or between the start of the week preceding the first event of the Championship and the 31st of December of the same year.
Pirelli is the sole supplier of tyres. There are six different tyres: four dry options, one wet and one intermediate. Of the four dry options, Pirelli nominates the two options (one called prime which is harder and one called option which is softer) available to the teams at each Grand Prix, whilst the intermediate and dry always remain. The allocation per driver contains a maximum of eleven sets of dry-weather tyres, six of prime specification and five of option specification at one event.
No driver may use more than four sets of intermediate tyres and three sets of wet-weather tyres at one event.
Qualifying is divided into three sessions: Q1, Q2 and Q3.
During Q1, any driver whose best qualifying lap exceeds 107% of the fastest time set duringthat session, or who fails to set a time, will not be allowed to take part in the race. Underexceptional circumstances however, which may include setting a suitable lap time in a freepractice session, the stewards may permit the car to start the race. The bottom six drivers will be eliminated and not take part in Q2, starting Sunday's race from their Q1 classification.
Of the 18 remaining in Q2, only ten will move on to Q3. In Q3 the top ten drivers will battle it out to determine the final starting grid for Sunday's Grand Prix.
Spare cars, engines and gearboxes:
Each competitor may have no more than two cars available for use at any one time during an event. Each driver may use no more than eight engines during a Championship season. If a driver uses more than eight then he will drop ten places on the starting grid.
Each driver may use no more than one gearbox for five consecutive events in which his team competes. If a driver uses a replacement gearbox he will drop five places on the starting grid.
No team personnel who are associated in any way with the operation of the cars are permitted within the confines of the circuit during the following periods:
- One six hour period which commences nine hours before the scheduled start time of P1.
- With the exception of Monaco, a second period which begins ten and a half hours afterthe scheduled end of P2 and ends three hours before the scheduled start time of P3.
- In Monaco the second period will begin thirty two and a half hours after the scheduledend of P2 and ends three hours before the scheduled start time of P3.However, each team will be permitted four individual exceptions to the above during aChampionship season.
The overall width of the car, excluding tyres, must not exceed 1800mm. The overall height of the car must not exceed 950mm. The weight of the car must not be less than 640kg at all times during the event.
If two hours have passed before the scheduled race distance is completed then the leader is shown the chequered flag when he crosses the control line at the end of the lap during which the two hour period ended. If a race is suspended, the maximum race time is set to four hours.
Drivers are not allowed to leave the track without a justifiable reason (a driver is judged to have left the track if no part of the car remains in contact with the track). More than one change of direction to defend a position is not permitted: If a driver goes off-line to defend his position and returns to the racing line, he must leave one car width between his own car and the edge of the track on the approach to the corner.
Drivers may use all tyres allocated to them on the first day of practice, as opposed to last year when only three sets were permitted on the first day.
As of this season, cars will be able to "unlap" themselves when the safety car is deployed and re-join the race at the back of the field.
In-season testing will return with a three-day test to be held at Mugello from the 1st to the 3rd of May.
This year all cars must pass crash tests performed on the front, side, rear of the chassis and the steering column before taking part in any on-track testing.
Since the 2011 European Grand Prix, teams can no longer adjust engine mapping between qualifying and the race.
As of this year, the practice of hot blowing and cold blowing exhaust through the diffusers has been banned.